Depression: Depression & Related Conditions
Basic Information
Introduction and Types of Depressive DisordersRelated Disorders / ConditionsHistorical and Current UnderstandingsBiology, Psychology and SociologyTreatment - Medication and PsychotherapyAlternative Medicine and Self-Help ResourcesSpecial IssuesReferences
More InformationTestsLatest News
Too Much Social Media a Depression Risk for TeensIs Your Child Depressed or Suicidal? Here Are the Warning SignsDepression Plus HIV Can Turn DeadlyBrain Stimulation May Soothe Severe DepressionFussy Baby May Raise Mom's Risk of DepressionAbuse in Childhood Tied to Brain Changes and Later DepressionFDA Approves First Drug for Postpartum DepressionNutritional Supplements Don't Ward Off Depression: StudyFDA Approves Ketamine-Like Drug for Severe DepressionFDA Poised to Approve Ketamine-Like Drug to Ease DepressionAcne Drug Accutane May Not Depress Mood After AllHealth Tip: Beat the Winter BluesAHA News: Post-Stroke Depression Common Among Black, Hispanic SurvivorsHealth Tip: Recognizing Signs of Depression in TeensCould Germs in Your Gut Send You Into Depression?Simple Treatments to Banish Winter BluesMillennials' Odds for Depression Rise With Social Media UseListen Up! Hearing Loss Tied to Late-Life DepressionHealth Tip: Risk Factors for Depression After PregnancyHead to the Movies, Museums to Keep Depression at BayThe Link Between Social Media and DepressionMany Say Ketamine Eased Their Depression, But Is It Safe?Docs Should Screen for Depression During, After PregnancyBrexit Had Brits Turning to Antidepressants: StudyDepression Is a Risk for Teens, Adults With EpilepsyStimulating One Brain Area May Ease Tough-to-Treat DepressionAnti-Seizure Drug May Be New Weapon Against DepressionMichael Phelps Champions the Fight Against DepressionFacebook Posts May Hint at DepressionDo Dimmer Days in Pregnancy Raise Postpartum Depression Risk?Depression Strikes Nearly 1 in 5 Young Adults With Autism: StudyNew Dads Can Get the Baby Blues, TooHealth Tip: Help a New Mom With Postpartum DepressionCould a Blood Test Help Spot Severe Depression?Treating Depression May Prevent Repeat Heart AttackSupportive Managers Key When a Worker Is DepressedPreventive Intervention for Premature Infants Effective
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Anxiety Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Addictions: Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Pain Management

Treating Depression May Prevent Repeat Heart Attack

HealthDay News
by By Amy NortonHealthDay Reporter
Updated: Jul 24th 2018

new article illustration

TUESDAY, July 24, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- It's common for heart attack survivors to develop depression. Now a new trial has found that antidepressant treatment may help those patients avoid a second heart attack.

The study, of 300 heart patients with depression, found that treatment with the antidepressant escitalopram (Lexapro) almost halved the risk of suffering another heart attack in the next eight years.

Patients on the medication also had a lower death rate and less need for angioplasty -- a procedure that opens blocked heart arteries.

Experts said they were encouraged by the findings.

"This is a very important clinical trial," said James Blumenthal, a professor of psychiatry at Duke University Medical Center, in Durham, N.C.

Blumenthal, who was not involved in the trial, studies the role of psychological factors in heart disease.

He said it's known that heart attack patients with depression typically fare worse than those without the condition. That includes a higher risk of a repeat heart attack.

But proof has been lacking that depression treatment can translate into a better outlook.

The new findings, Blumenthal said, show that it can.

"Treating depression results not only in improved quality of life, but also improved clinical outcomes," he said. "This is good news for heart patients with depression."

For the trial, Korean researchers led by Dr. Jae-Min Kim, from Chonnam National University Medical School in Gwangju, screened over 1,100 heart patients for depression. All of the patients had experienced an "acute coronary syndrome" within the past two weeks. The term refers to heart attacks, as well as unstable angina -- severe chest pain caused by obstructed blood flow to the heart.

Over 400 of those patients met the definition of either mild or major depression. Ultimately, 300 entered the trial and were randomly assigned to take either escitalopram or placebo pills for six months.

Over the next eight years, nearly half of all patients either died, had a repeat heart attack or needed angioplasty. However, the rate was lower among patients taking antidepressants: just under 41 percent, versus almost 54 percent among placebo patients.

The benefit was most clear when it came to the risk of suffering another heart attack: less than 9 percent of antidepressant patients did, compared with over 15 percent of placebo patients, the findings showed.

The death rate was also lower for those taking antidepressants -- about 21 percent, versus 24.5 percent for those taking a placebo. That difference was not significant in statistical terms, however.

The trial was funded by Korean government grants. The report was published in the July 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

If antidepressant treatment does thwart future heart trouble, it's not clear why from this study, Blumenthal said.

One possibility, he suggested, is that when patients see their depression lift, they become more physically active or better able to stick with lifestyle changes.

But, improvement in depression might also have direct effects -- including less inflammation in the arteries and a healthier heart rate, Blumenthal suggested.

Donald Edmondson is director of the Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health at Columbia University, in New York City.

He called the findings "exciting and important."

Why did this trial show benefits when past studies turned up empty? A likely reason, Edmondson said, is the long-term follow-up. It may take years for the benefits of depression treatment to show up.

The bottom line for patients and families is that they should never dismiss lingering psychological symptoms, he explained.

After a heart attack, Edmondson said, people sometimes want to "move on and forget it happened."

But close to 40 percent of the initial group in this study screened positive for depression. "It's common," he said.

Edmondson suggested that family members be aware of that, and remember to check in: "Ask questions. Ask them how they're feeling."

There are non-drug treatments for depression, including "talk therapy." This trial did not test them -- but Edmondson said he suspects any therapy that sends depression into remission might improve patients' heart outlook.

In this study, he pointed out, patients whose depression went into remission within six months fared better -- even if they were in the placebo group.

Those on medication were, however, more likely to see a remission: Over half did, versus 35 percent of placebo patients.

Blumenthal said that some research has found that regular exercise can help ease depression -- and may be as effective as antidepressants.

He is currently leading a trial that's testing exercise against escitalopram for treating anxiety in heart disease patients.

More information

The American Heart Association has more on heart disease and depression.


Amazon Smile

To quit smoking, call Connecticut QuitLine at 1-800-QUIT-NOW.

Children and Adult services are available now with no wait time.  Please contact HBH Intake Department at 860-548-0101, option 2.


powered by centersite dot net