Health Policy & Advocacy
Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News
California Farm Implicated in Outbreak of E. coli Tied to Romaine LettuceFentanyl Now the No. 1 Opioid OD KillerHospitalizations Rising Among the HomelessElectronic Health Records Bogging Docs DownMore Are Seeking Mental Health Care, But Not Always Those Who Need It MostMillions of Americans Still Breathing Secondhand Smoke: ReportNew Approach to Opioid Crisis: Supervised Heroin Injection Programs?Many Americans Unaware of Promise of Targeted, 'Personalized' Medicine: PollAs Gun Violence Grows, U.S. Life Expectancy DropsMost Americans Lie to Their DoctorsOpioid Crisis, Suicides Driving Decline in U.S. Life Expectancy: CDCWant to Learn CPR? Try an Automated KioskHealth Surrogates Often in Dark About Loved One's WishesRestaurant 'Health Grade' Posters Could Mean Safer DiningSmoking Bans Might Help Nonsmokers' Blood PressureWarmer Winters, More Violent Crimes?Are Food Additives Good or Bad? Consumer Views VaryDrug Studies in Children Often Go Unfinished: StudyFDA Moves to Restrict Flavored E-Cig Sales, Ban Menthol CigarettesAgeism Costs Billions in Health Care DollarsAmerica Is Worried About Antibiotic ResistanceRed Cross Issues Urgent Call for Blood Ahead of the HolidaysUnder Pressure, Juul Withdraws Most Flavored E-Cigs From MarketMany Drugstores Won't Dispense Opioid Antidote as RequiredNew Cholesterol Guidelines Focus on Personalized ApproachAHA: Defibrillators Can Help Kids Survive Cardiac Arrest, TooFDA Will Ban Many Flavored E-CigarettesU.S. Smoking Rates Hit Record LowOnly a Quarter of Opioid Painkillers Taken After Most SurgeriesHome Health-Care Tests: Proceed With CautionFDA Takes on Flatulent CowsWhy Bystanders Are Less Likely to Give CPR to WomenCellphone Radiation Tied to Upped Odds for Cancer -- in RatsHealth Tip: FDA Discusses Possible Risks of Bodybuilding ProductsU.S. Hospitals Making Headway Against InfectionsAfter Mass Shootings, Blood Donations Can Go UnusedLead in Hair Dyes Must Go: FDAIn California, Some Doctors Sell 'Medical Exemptions' for Kids' VaccinationsGot Unused Prescription Meds? Saturday Is National Drug Take-Back DayFDA Too Quick to Call BPA Chemical Safe, Health Experts SayIs Crowdfunding Too Often Used for Bogus Treatments?Many Supplements Still Contain Dangerous Stimulants: StudyTapping Into TelehealthMenthol Cig Ban Didn't Spur Black Market Sales: StudyHip-Hop Loaded With Pot, Cigarette ReferencesWhite House Wants Prices in Drug Ads, But Big Pharma Fights BackMany Supplements Contain Unapproved, Dangerous Ingredients: StudyE-Cigs Continue to Spark Debate Over Health Risks/BenefitsClinical Trials Need More VolunteersGetting Your Medical Records Might Not Be Easy
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Health Insurance

Why Bystanders Are Less Likely to Give CPR to Women

HealthDay News
by By Amy Norton
HealthDay Reporter
Updated: Nov 5th 2018

new article illustration

MONDAY, Nov. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some bystanders may avoid performing CPR on women because they fear hurting them, or even being accused of sexual assault, preliminary research suggests.

In two new studies, researchers tried to dig deeper into a puzzling pattern that has been seen in past research: Women are less likely than men to receive bystander CPR if they go into cardiac arrest in a public place.

One study confirmed that real-world phenomenon in a controlled setting: It found that even in "virtual reality" simulations, participants were less likely to perform CPR when the virtual victim was female, versus male.

People performed CPR on 65 percent of male victims, but only 54 percent of females.

A separate study, which surveyed 54 adults, turned up some possible explanations.

Respondents said bystanders may worry about hurting a woman while doing CPR chest compressions -- or fear being accused of sexual assault. Some said people also might believe women's breasts get in the way of CPR.

The respondents also cited a long-standing misconception: Women are less likely to have heart problems than men.

But the reality is that heart disease is the leading killer of U.S. women and men alike, according to government figures.

And when cardiac arrest strikes, CPR can be lifesaving, regardless of sex, said Dr. Sarah Perman, who led the survey.

People in cardiac arrest need immediate chest compressions, said Perman, an assistant professor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Denver.

"Providing this lifesaving procedure for women should be normalized, and not sexualized," she said.

In the United States, more than 356,000 people suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital each year. Only about 11 percent survive, according to the American Heart Association (AHA).

Survival is dismal because without emergency treatment, cardiac arrest is fatal within minutes. But quick CPR can double or triple survival odds, the AHA says.

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating and cannot pump blood and oxygen to the body. If a bystander performs CPR, that keeps the victim's blood circulating, buying time until paramedics arrive. Cardiac arrest is not a heart attack, which is caused by an artery blockage that diminishes blood flow to the heart.

"There is still a lot of misunderstanding about cardiac arrest and CPR," said Dr. Aaron Donoghue of the AHA and the University of Pennsylvania.

Men and women benefit equally from CPR chest compressions, Donoghue said, adding that the notion that it could injure women is "false."

As for fears of being accused of sexual assault, Donoghue noted that chest compressions are performed on the breastbone (also called the sternum, it's the long flat bone in the center of the chest) -- not the breasts.

"It would be terrible for that fear to deter a would-be rescuer from performing CPR," said Donoghue, who was not involved in the new studies.

"Doing nothing is always worse than doing something," he added.

For its pilot study, Perman's team surveyed 54 U.S. adults. Participants were asked: "Do you have any ideas on why women may be less likely to receive CPR than men when they collapse in public?"

Their answers reflect their personal perceptions, Donoghue pointed out. So, he said, it's hard to know whether witnesses to cardiac arrest really do act on such beliefs in the real world.

Perman agreed, saying more research is needed to understand why women are less likely to receive CPR. She and her colleagues have already conducted a larger survey, she said, but the results have not been published yet.

For now, Donoghue suggested people educate themselves about cardiac arrest and CPR. The AHA website is one place to start, he said.

Both studies are scheduled for presentation Nov. 10 at an AHA meeting, in Chicago. Research presented at meetings is typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The American Heart Association has guidance on performing CPR.


Amazon Smile

To quit smoking, call Connecticut QuitLine at 1-800-QUIT-NOW.

Children and Adult services are available now with no wait time.  Please contact HBH Intake Department at 860-548-0101, option 2.


powered by centersite dot net